Black History Month

February is the month to celebrate African Americans and their historic achievements in this great nation. But let us not get caught up in the division of collectivism and tribalism of the left.   We should remember the efforts of all those who fought for empowering African Americans as well while never forgetting the evil capabilities of human kind.

Some of this will be refreshing while in other parts, this Article is going to be hard to read.  Some people will straight up reject things in this Article.  This Articles’ purpose is to be FAIR and TRUE to actual parts of history and all those who were part of this issue.  We will be straight forward and say this was not only a white verse black issue but a complex issue where free blacks owned slaves, Native American’s owned slaves, and the majority of one political party fought for slavery, discrimination, and racism in America’s public sphere.  A part of history that has still yet really be addressed but merely hidden, avoided, and swept under the rug.

Abolitionists

James Oglethorpe was among the first to articulate the Enlightenment case against slavery, banning it in the Province of Georgia on humanitarian grounds, and arguing against it in Parliament, and eventually encouraging his friends Granville Sharp and Hannah More to vigorously pursue the cause.  Soon after his death in 1785, Sharp and More united with William Wilberforce and others in forming the Clapham Sect who were a group of Church of England social reformers based in Clapham, London.  He was a young “white” Christian male; who stood against slavery.

After the American Revolution established the United States, northern states, beginning with Pennsylvania in 1780, passed legislation during the next two decades abolishing slavery, sometimes by gradual emancipation.  Massachusetts ratified a constitution that declared all men equal; freedom suits challenging slavery based on this principle brought an end to slavery in the state. Vermont, which existed as an unrecognized state from 1777 to 1791, abolished adult slavery in 1777.

  • Thomas-Alexandre Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; also known as Alexandre Dumas; (25 March 1762 – 26 February 1806) was born into slavery but then moved to France and was educated by his father.  He was a general in Revolutionary France and after Abram Petrovich Gannibal in Imperial Russia, was one of the highest-ranking men of African descent ever in a European army.  He was the first person of color in the French military to become brigadier general, the first to become divisional general, and the first to become general-in-chief of a French army.

Louis XIV’s Code Noir regulated the slave trade and institution in the colonies. It even gave some rights to slaves.  It included the right to marry, gather publicly, or take Sundays off.  Although the Code Noir authorized and codified cruel corporal punishment against slaves under certain conditions, it forbade slave owners to torture them or to separate families.  It also demanded enslaved Africans receive instruction in the Catholic faith, implying that Africans were human beings endowed with a soul, a fact French law did not admit until then.  It resulted in a far higher percentage of blacks being free in 1830 (13.2% in Louisiana compared to 0.8% in Mississippi).  They were on average exceptionally literate, with a significant number of them owning businesses, properties, and even slaves.  Yes, freed slaves, bought and sold slaves…

African American and Native American Slave Owners

  • Nicolas Augustin Metoyer of Louisiana owned 13 slaves in 1830. He and his 12 family members collectively owned 215 slaves.  An African-American historian, John Hope Franklin, stated: “The majority of Negro owners of slaves had some personal interest in their property... There were instances, however, in which free Negroes had a real economic interest in the institution of slavery and held slaves in order to improve their economic status.”
  • John Carruthers Stanly — born a slave in Craven County, N.C., the son of an Igbo mother and her master, John Wright Stanly — became an extraordinarily successful barber and speculator in real estate in New Bern. As Loren Schweninger points out in Black Property Owners in the South, 1790-1915, by the early 1820s, Stanly owned three plantations and 163 slaves, and even hired three white overseers to manage his property

R. Halliburton wrote that free black people have owned slaves “in each of the thirteen original states and later in every state that countenanced slavery,” at least since Anthony Johnson and his wife Mary went to court in Virginia in 1654 to obtain the services of their indentured servant, a black man, John Castor, for life.  And for a time, free black people could even “own” the services of white indentured servants in Virginia as well. Free blacks owned slaves in Boston by 1724 and in Connecticut by 1783; by 1790, 48 black people in Maryland owned 143 slaves. One particularly notorious black Maryland farmer named Nat Butler “regularly purchased and sold Negroes for the Southern trade,” Halliburton wrote. [1]

Even a statement to defend the right of black people to own slaves was the statement made on the eve of the Civil War by a group of free people of color in New Orleans, offering their services to the Confederacy, in part because they were fearful for their own enslavement: “The free colored population [native] of Louisiana … own slaves, and they are dearly attached to their native land … and they are ready to shed their blood for her defense.  They have no sympathy for abolitionism; no love for the North, but they have plenty for Louisiana … They will fight for her in 1861 as they fought [to defend New Orleans from the British] in 1814-1815.”  [1]

Some Native Americans, in particular, the Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole, or “the Five Tribes” also participated in chattel and race-based slavery.  Slavery itself was not a new concept to Native American peoples as in inter-Native American conflict tribes often kept prisoners of war, but these captures often replaced slain tribe members and the prisoner was kept for life.  Some indigenous nations such as the Chickasaws and the Choctaws began to embrace the concept that African bodies were property, and equated blackness to hereditary inferiority. [2]

  • Holmes Colbert was a prominent leader in the Chickasaw Nation and the owner of several enslaved African-Americans

We can argue back and forth as to why these Blacks and Native Americans took part in the slave trade but the fact of the matter is, they were wrong to do so, not matter the supposed justification… Instead of being Abolitionists, they participated in and perpetuated a system of injustice.  They too, are equally guilty.

Slave Revolts

Nat Turner’s Rebellion was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white. The rebellion was put down within a few days, but Turner survived in hiding for more than two months afterwards.

The Stono Rebellion or Cato’s Conspiracy, started in South Carolina in 1739, at the Stono River Bridge near Charleston.   One September morning, 20 slaves broke into a store, stole weapons and supplies and headed for the refuge of Spanish-ruled Florida, leaving 23 murder victims in their path.  Growing into a group of 100 upon arriving in Florida, the rebels stopped in an open field and made a ruckus in hopes other slaves would hear them and join. A local militia confronted the group, with most of the escaped slaves caught and executed. [3]

New York Slave Revolt in 1712.  The city saw a significant revolt centering on enslaved warriors from Africa’s Gold Coast.  Earlier in the year, some slaves planned an uprising in April with local Indians. Armed with guns, swords, knives, and axes, 23 men gathered in an orchard at the northern tip of the city before setting fire to a slave owner’s home.  A group of white men arrived to put out the fire and were ambushed—nine of them were killed. Soldiers were dispatched, and the rebels had fled to the forest, where they were eventually captured, though six committed suicide. After trials, 27 slaves were convicted, with 21 of them killed in public executions. [3]

There were many more slave revolts, especially in New York.  These slaves took a stand against their condition and fought the system of oppression.

Political Party of the KKK

First, we need to start with with the fact that Abraham Lincoln created a new political party; the Republican party.  Then, we see that the majority of abolitionists and anti-slavery and anti-Klan were, in fact, Republican.  No this is not an endorsement for the Republican party, this is just a fact of history.

There is a lot of historical revisionist propaganda surrounding the 1924 Democrat Convention.  Revisionists keep trying to include Republicans into the conversations with the KKK but they can’t avoid the fact that a great majority of Klan’s members were, in fact, democrat AND the Klan itself had actual delegates IN the Democrat Party to VOTE in their 1924 Convention.

Confederate General, Nathan Bedford Forrest was the KKK’s first grand wizard, and, you guest it, he was a Democrat.

In 1871, the Ku Klux Act passed Congress, authorizing President Ulysses S. Grant to use military force to suppress the KKK. The Ku Klux Act resulted in nine South Carolina counties being placed under martial law and thousands of arrests.  Ulysses S. Grant, was, you guessed it, a Republican.

George Wallace, the governor of Alabama, who stood in front of the doorway of schools to protest integration, who also supported Jim Crow laws, was a Democrat.

The Southern Manifesto, a document written in 1956 which expressed support for segregation was signed by 99 Democrats and only 2 Republicans.  Almost 100 years after the Civil War, and a vast majority of Democrats still supported racism.

Hugo Black, a senator who then become a Supreme Court Justice, was an official member of the KKK.  He was then nominated by Democrat President Franklin D. Roosevelt, for the Supreme Court.  At this time, The Presidency, House, and Senate were Democrat controlled.  Funny how there was no fight with appointing an KKK member to the Supreme Court by Democrats.  You really think The President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, had no idea he was a former official KKK member before choosing to appoint him to the highest court in the land?

Robert C. Byrd, the longest serving member of congress, a Democrat, who filibustered against the 1964 Civil Rights Act; get ready for it, he was a active recruiter for The Ku Klux Klan!  In the early 1940s, Byrd recruited 150 of his friends and associates to create a new chapter of the Ku Klux Klan in Sophia, West Virginia.  Ya ya he apologized decades later… but no one wonders why AN ACTIVE KLAN MEMBER WAS CONTINUOUSLY RE-ELECTED BY DEMOCRAT VOTERS FOR  F I F T Y  Y E A R S !  Only in 1997 did he start making basic apologies… but for 50 years, democrats voted for him, without apology, fully knowing he was directly and officially affiliated with the KKK.  During Black History Month in 1998, Democrats talked up Byrd for serving in the Senate “with great distinction for more than 30 years.” They noted his “diligent work, attention to detail, boundless energy and intense loyalty.”  AND THEY ALL KNEW HE WAS A FORMER KKK MEMBER!  Nanci Peloci and Hiliary Clinton served with him for decades… and NEVER condemned him or called for his resignation, and THEY KNEW!

The Democrat party, from 1864 all the way to around the end of the Civil Rights movement, were all for dehumanizing a people group and oppressing them!  Interestingly, it is the Democratic party now, who dehumanizes the unborn person, and advocates for the choice to oppress them!  Nothing has really changed.  Read The Party of Death.

Government Endorsement of Racism

In 1842, The Supreme Court ruled in Prigg v. Penssylvania and overturned the conviction of slavecatcher Edward Prigg in Pennsylvania based on the ruling that Federal law (which provides for recovery of fugitive slaves) supersedes State law.

In 1851, the Supreme Court of the United States in Strader v. Graham ruled the status of three slaves who traveled from Kentucky to the free states of Indiana and Ohio depended on Kentucky slave law rather than Ohio law, which had abolished slavery.

In 1857, the Supreme Court of the United States in Dred Scott v. Sandford ruled that people of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves, or their descendants — whether or not they were slaves — were not included under the Constitution and could never be citizens of the United States.

Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as “separate but equal”.  The only dissenter in this ruling, was a Republican.  All Democrat Justices were in favor.

Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.  All were enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white Democratic-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period.

In the Civil Rights Act of 1964, we start to see the racism that consumed the Democrat party go into hiding, but was still there just enough to see.  40% of Democrats VOTED AGAINST The Civil Rights Act, while over 80% of Republicans voted FOR it.  Why would almost 40% of Democrats vote against one of the most racially beneficial laws in America’s history?  Not to mention it was the Democrats who filibustered the bill…[4]

Leaders of the Civil Rights movement

  • Bayard Rustin was a leading civil rights activist who organized the March on Washington, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famed “I Have a Dream” speech. Rustin advised King on Gandhian civil disobedience tactics, and he and King founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
  • Civil rights leader and politician John Lewis currently serves as the U.S. Representative for Georgia’s 5th Congressional district. Lewis served as the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1963. Lewis helped plan the March on Washington and is a hero of the 1965 “Bloody Sunday” protest at the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Ala. Lewis is considered one of the last living “Big Six” from the civil rights era.  But, what is a damn shame is that, being a Democrat, supports the oppression of the unborn African American person…
  • The most well-known figure of the era, Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor, activist, humanitarian and leader of the civil rights movement. He is best known for using nonviolent civil disobedience, grounded in Christian beliefs, to push for social change.[5]
  • Roy Wilkins became the executive director of the NAACP in 1964. During his tenure, the NAACP played an integral role in many significant civil rights victories, including Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
  • Leroy Eldridge Cleaver (August 31, 1935 – May 1, 1998) was an American writer and political activist who became an early leader of the Black Panther Party and then a member of the Republican party.
  • James Howard Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is a Civil Rights Movement figure, writer, political adviser and Air Force veteran. In 1962, he became the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi.  In 1967 while living and studying in New York, Meredith decided to run as a Republican against the incumbent Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., a multi-term Democrat, in a special election for the Congressional seat in Harlem. He withdrew from the race and Powell was re-elected.  Meredith said later of his campaign, “The Republican Party [of New York] made me an offer: full support in every way, everything.” He had full access to top New York Republicans.
  • Octavius Valentine Catto (February 22, 1839 – October 10, 1871) was a black educator, intellectual, and civil rights activist in Philadelphia. He became principal of male students at the Institute for Colored Youth, where he had also been educated. Born free in Charleston, South Carolina, Catto became a martyr to racism, as he was shot and killed in election-day violence in Philadelphia, where ethnic Irish of the Democratic Party, which was anti-Reconstruction and had opposed black suffrage, attacked black men to prevent their voting for Republican candidates.
  • Scipio Africanus Jones (August 3, 1863 – March 2, 1943) was an African-American educator, lawyer, judge, philanthropist, and Republican politician from the state of Arkansas.  Jones was born into slavery in Smith Township near Tulip in Dallas County in south Arkansas.   He was a mentor to most of the Civil Rights activists of the 60s.

Modern African American Leaders

  • Dr. Ben Carson — The famed, retired neurosurgeon and accomplished author gained a political following after his public criticism of former President Barack Obama’s healthcare plan, which carried him into the into the 2016 presidential campaign. Although Carson bowed out during the Republican primary, he became a campaign surrogate for eventual Republican President-elect Donald Trump. Carson, an American success story that began in inner-city Detroit as told in his autobiography “Gifted Hands,” became an obvious choice for Trump’s Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  • Clarence Thomas — He is currently the second-longest serving Supreme Court justice since he was appointed in 1991. In addition to merely interpreting the Constitution as it dictates the law of the land, he has also advised President Donald Trump on selecting constitutional originalists as Supreme Court nominees.
  • Alveda King — A niece of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., King is a former representative of the 28th District in the Georgia House, but she is also a bestselling author, and a minister. King is a dedicated pro-life advocate and director of Civil Rights for the Unborn. In addition to having been an educator, entertainer, and legislator.
  • Darrell Scott — This dynamic Cleveland, Ohio, pastor was selected to be a member of President-elect Trump’s White House transition team after all the bridge-building work he did promoting Trump’s campaign message with African-American voters as National Diversity Coalition for Trump CEO.
  • Omarosa Manigault — Since appearing on the “The Apprentice,” she has become an important figure in Trump’s circle of influence. During his campaign, Trump tasked her with directing his African-American outreach. Manigault, who holds a Ph.D. in communications, has since transitioned into a White House communications role. She was also recently “honored to serve” on NAACP’s nominating committee for its 2017 Image Awards.
  • Herman Cain — A Fortune 500 business leader, Cain emerged as a 2012 presidential candidate; afterward he promoted the use of free enterprise policies for urban revitalization. Currently, Cain can be heard broadcasting conservative knowledge throughout the nation weekdays on his eponymous, midmorning radio show, taking over Neal Boortz’s coveted time slot when the talk radio icon retired.
  • Tim Scott — Before becoming the junior senator from South Carolina, Scott served the state in the U.S. House of Representatives from 2011 to 2013. His milestone arrival in Washington, D.C., made him the first African-American Southern senator since the days of Reconstruction, and he is the first African-American to serve in both the U.S. House and Senate.
  • Thomas Sowell — An author, economist, social theorist, and political philosopher, Sowell is the Rose and Milton Friedman Senior Fellow on Public Policy at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution. His studious but accessible writings have championed free enterprise as the most effective means for creating prosperity for average Americans.
  • Elroy Sailor — A political strategist, Sailor is CEO and a co-founder of Watts Partners, a government and corporate relations firm, and the largest African-American owned lobbying company in Washington, D.C. He was a senior advisor for the 2016 Rand Paul presidential campaign and a senior advisor for the Republican National Committee chairman and worked with the Trump transition team to prepare nominees for confirmation hearings.
  • Star Parker — She is the founder and president of the Center for Urban Renewal and Education, a think tank that seeks market-based solutions to fight urban poverty. Parker is also a syndicated columnist, author, and sought-out speaker.
  • Robert Woodson — A community leader and civil rights activist, Woodson is the founder and president of the Center for Neighborhood Enterprise. He has personally advised House Speaker Rep. Paul Ryan on free market-oriented solutions to address poverty. Before the post went to Dr. Ben Carson, Woodson was considered for HUD secretary.
  • Stacey Dash — An actress and a News commentator, Dash detailed her struggles of being a conservative in Hollywood in her book “There Goes My Social Life: From Clueless to Conservative.”
  • Candace Owens, the conservative who’s leading an initiative she dubbed “Blexit,” urging black Democrats to leave the party and once partner with Turning Point USA, now an avid political speaker for Civil Rights and freedoms.
  • Coreco Ja’Quan “CJ” Pearson (born July 31, 2002) is an American political activist and commentator, and freelance journalist. He has made appearances on television and on YouTube, with his publications seen in a variety of online news sources. Pearson describes himself as an “anti-establishment populist” and is described as conservative, though has renounced the term “conservative” to describe his political views. He is the executive director of Young Georgians in Government and executive director of Teens for Trump.

*We did not included African American leaders who support abortion as this  perpetuates and supports systemic oppression of another person, advocated for their own personal gain*

#FreeThinker #Blexit #BlackHistory

References

  1. https://www.theroot.com/did-black-people-own-slaves-1790895436
  2. Krauthamer, Barbara (2013). Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. pp. 17–19.
  3. https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery-iv-slave-rebellions
  4. https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2010/may/25/michael-steele/steele-says-gop-fought-hard-civil-rights-bills-196/
  5. http://humanevents.com/2006/08/16/why-martin-luther-king-was-republican/
  6. https://www.newsmax.com/bestlists/african-american-republicans-influential-newsmax/2017/02/22/id/774949/

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